From Dr John Barletta, Clinical Psychologist(Adapted: NY hospital Psych)
1. Stick to a routine. Go to sleep and wake up at a reasonable time, write a schedule that is varied and includes time for work as well as self-care.
2. Dress for the social life you want, not the social life you have. Get showered and dressed in comfortable clothes, wash your face, brush your teeth. Take the time to have a bath or a give yourself a facial. Put on some bright colours. It is amazing how our dress will impact our mood.
3. Get out at least once a day, for at least 30 minutes. If you are concerned about contact, try first thing in the morning, or later in the evening, and try less travelled streets. If you are high risk or living with those who are high risk, open the windows and blast the fan. It is amazing how much fresh air will do for spirits.
4. Find some time to move each day, again daily for at least 30 minutes. If you don’t feel comfortable going outside, there are many YouTube videos that offer free movement classes, and if all else fails, turn on the music and have a dance party! Take your dog for regular, long walks and play ball with them.
5. Reach out to others, you guessed it, at least once daily for 30 minutes. Try to do FaceTime, Skype, WhatsApp, telephone calls, texting—connect with other people to seek and provide support. Don’t forget to do this for your children as well. Set up virtual playdates with friends daily via FaceTime, Messenger Kids, Zoom, etc—your kids miss their friends too.
6. Stay hydrated and eat well. This one may seem obvious, but stress and eating often don’t mix well, and we find ourselves over-indulging, forgetting to eat, or avoiding food. Drink plenty of water, eat good, nutritious foods, and challenge yourself to learn how to cook something new!
7. Develop a self-care toolkit. This will look different for everyone. A lot of successful self-care strategies involve a sensory component of the seven senses: touch, taste, sight, hearing, smell, vestibular (movement) and proprioceptive (comforting pressure). An idea for each: a soft blanket or stuffed animal, a hot chocolate, photos of vacations, comforting music, lavender or eucalyptus oil, a small swing or rocking chair, a weighted blanket. A journal, an inspirational book, or a mandala colouring book is wonderful; bubbles to blow or blowing watercolour on paper through a straw are visually appealing as well as work on controlled breathing. Mint gum, Listerine strips, dry ginger ale, and ice packs are also good for anxiety regulation. For children, it is great to help them create a self-regulation comfort box (often a shoe-box they can decorate) that they can have on the ready when they feel overwhelmed.
8. Spend extra time playing with children. Children will rarely communicate how they are feeling, but will often make a bid for attention and communication through play. Don’t be surprised to see therapeutic themes of illness, doctor visits, and isolation play through. Understand that play is cathartic and helpful for children—it is how they process their world and problem-solve, and there’s a lot they are seeing and experiencing in the now.
9. Give everyone the benefit of the doubt and a wide berth. A lot of time coopedup can bring out the worst in people. Each person will have moments when they will not be at their best. It is important to move with grace through blow-ups, to not show up to every argument you are invited to, and to not hold grudges or continue disagreements. Everyone is doing the best they can to make it through.
10. Everyone needs their own retreat space. Space is at a premium, particularly with city living. It is important that people think through their own separate space for work and for relaxation. For children, help them identify a place where they can go to retreat when stressed. You can make this place cosy by using blankets, pillows, cushions, scarves, beanbags, tents, and forts. It is good to know that even when we are on top of each other, we have our own special place to go to be alone.
11. Expect behavioural issues in children, and respond gently. We are all struggling with disruption in routine, none more than children, who rely on routines constructed by others to make them feel safe and to know what comes next. Expect increased anxiety, worries and fears, nightmares, difficulty separating or sleeping, testing limits, and meltdowns. Do not introduce major behavioural plans or consequences at this time—hold stable and focus on emotional connection.
12. Focus on safety and attachment. We are going to be living for a bit with the unprecedented demand of meeting all work deadlines, home-schooling children, running a sterile household, and making a whole lot of entertainment in confinement. We can get wrapped up in meeting expectations in all domains, but we must remember that these are scary and unpredictable times for children. Focus on strengthening the connection through time spent following their lead, through physical touch, through play, through therapeutic books, and via verbal reassurances that you will be there for them in this time.
13. Lower expectations and practice radical self-acceptance. This idea is connected with #12. We are doing too many things in this moment under fear and stress. This does not make a formula for excellence. Instead, give yourself what Psychologists call radical self-acceptance: accepting everything about yourself, your current situation, and your life without question, blame, or pushback. You cannot fail at this—there is no roadmap, no precedent for this, and we are all truly doing the best we can in an impossible situation.
14. Limit social media and COVID-19 conversation, especially around children. One can find heaps of information on COVID to consume us, and it changes minute to minute. The information is often sensationalised, negative, and alarmist. Find a few trusted sources that you can check in with now and again, limit it to a few times a day, and set a time limit for yourself on how much you consume (again 30 minutes tops, perhaps twice daily). Keep news and alarming conversations out of earshot from children—they see and hear everything, and can become very frightened by what they hear.
15. Notice the good in the world, like the helpers. There is a lot of scary, negative, and overwhelming information to take in regarding this pandemic. There are also many stories of people sacrificing, donating, and supporting one another in miraculous ways. It is important to counter-balance the heavy information with the hopeful information.
16. Help others. Find ways, big and small, to give back to others. Support restaurants, offer to grocery shop, check in with elderly neighbours, write psychological wellness tips for others—helping others gives us a sense of agency when things seem out of control.
17. Find something you can control and control the heck out of it. In moments of big uncertainty and overwhelmedness, control your little corner of the world. Organise your bookshelf, purge your closet, put together that furniture, group your toys. It helps to anchor and ground us when the bigger things are chaotic.
18. Find a long-term project to dive into. Now is the time to learn how to play the guitar, put together a huge jigsaw puzzle, start a 10-hour game of Monopoly, paint a picture, read the Harry Potter series, binge-watch an 8-season show, crochet a blanket, solve a Rubik’s Cube. Find something that will keep you busy, distracted, and engaged to take breaks from what is going on in the outside world.
19. Engage in repetitive movements and left-right movements. Research has shown that repetitive movement (e.g., knitting, colouring, painting, clay sculpting, jump roping) especially left-right movement (running, drumming, skating, hopping) is effective at self-soothing and maintaining self-regulation in moments of distress.
20. Find an expressive art and go for it. Our emotional brain is very receptive to the creative arts, and it is a direct portal for release of feeling. Find something that is creative (sculpting, drawing, dancing, music, singing, playing, gardening) and give it your all. See how relieved you can feel. It is a very effective way of helping kids to emote and communicate as well!
21. Find lightness and humour in each day. There is a lot to be worried about, and with good reason. Counterbalance this heaviness with something funny each day: cat videos on YouTube, stand-up comedy shows on Netflix, a funny movie—we all need comedic relief in our day, every day.
22. Reach out for help—your team is there for you. If you have a Psychologist or Psychiatrist, they are available to you, even at a distance (called telehealth). Keep up your medications and your therapy sessions the best you can. If you are having difficulty coping, seek out help for the first time. There are mental health people on the ready to help you through this crisis. Your children’s teachers and related service providers will do anything within their power to help, especially for those parents tasked with the difficult task of being a whole treatment team to their child with special challenges. Seek support groups of fellow home-schoolers, parents, and neighbours to feel connected. There is help and support out there, any time of the day—although we are physically distant, we can connect virtually.
23. Chunk your self-isolation, take it moment by moment. We have no road map for this. We don’t know what this will look like in one day, one week, or one month from now. Often, when I work with patients who have anxiety around overwhelming issues, I suggest that they engage in a strategy called chunking— focusing on whatever bite-sized piece of a challenge that feels manageable. Whether that be five minutes, one hour, a day, or a week at a time—find what feels doable. Take each chunk one at a time, and move through stress in pieces.
24. Remind yourself daily that this is temporary. It seems in the midst of selfisolation that it will never end. It is terrifying to think of the road stretching ahead of us. Take time to remind yourself that although this is very scary and difficult, and will go on for an undetermined amount of time, it is a season of life and it will pass. We’ll all return to feeling free, safe, busy, and connected some time.
25. Find the lesson. This crisis can seem sad, senseless, and at times, avoidable. When Psychologists work with trauma, a key feature to helping someone work through tough stuff is to help them find their agency, the potential positive outcomes they can effect, the meaning and construction that comes out of destruction. What can each of us learn here, in big and small ways, from this crisis? What needs to change in ourselves, our homes, our communities, our nation, and our world?